Kabbalah and the 72 Names of God
It is said by those who engage in the mysterious study of Man's spiritual relationship with The Creator, otherwise known as the Kabbalah, that the Creator of the Universe has 72 names. Orthodox Judaism forbids the outright pronunciation of the name, but various interpretations of it are noted in Kabalistic teachings, including that of a special book known as the Sefer Yetzirah or Book of Creation which says that the name of The Most Holy One is achieved by the use or employment of the sacred letters that make up His name. These names come from three verses in the Book of Exodus, the second book of the Torah, and scholars say that these verses, Vayissah Vayyabo, and Vayyet each contain 72 letters, which combined form the 72 names.
Within the study of the sacred laws some of these names have more sacredness than others, with seven of these names being considered as Devine. These names are El, Elohim, Adonai, יהוה or YHWH, Ehyeh Asher Ehyeh, Shdai, and Tzvaot. These names are found more often in sacred writings, such as the Torah and example being an often quoted introductory saying: Vayomer Adonai el Moshe Lamor "And God spoke unto Moses, saying."
There are two mainstreams of thought within the study of the Kabbalah, they being the theoretical and the practical. Theoretical kabalists regard the spiritual names of God as ones to be used in gaining more cryptic or mysterious knowledge about the Creator of all Things. Practical kabalists, on the other hand, use the names of God to affect changes in both the natural and spiritual world - as if by magic. It is for this reason that the design of amulets and other magic symbols, often incorporating these names are used to add elements of the abstract, mysterious and philosophical concepts of God and His protective and healing powers. In the picture a Four Names Kabbalah Bracelet.
In addition to the seven Devine names, there are those which delve into the mystical and metaphysical and are often found inscribed on Kabalistic amulets and Jewelry. Some these include the Hebrew letter ה "Hey" which is often used to signify God's name and also refers to the five levels of the human soul: Nefesh - instincts, Ruach - emotions, neshamah - mind, chayah - bridge to the spiritual or metaphysical, and yichidah - oneness. Another Hebrew letter, א "Aleph" refers to being the father of both the Hebrew alphabet and to the holy reference to God Himself. In classical Hebrew writing, the א is constructed with two Hebrew letters Youd. One letter is inverted (upside down), and separating them is the Hebrew letter Vav.
When spelled out, this spells out to be another word for God: יהוה. The Aleph is intended to mean that there is one and only one supreme Lord of the Universe. It is also another meaning for the term "I Am".
Shadai is another Hebrew word for God which means Almighty God. Irrespective of these various terms to refer to the name of The Creator, it must be brought to mind that phase often referred to in Hebrew texts: 'That the Lord is One and His Name One".